How to Install Magento 2 Using Composer?

How to Install Magento 2 Using Composer?

Planning to install Magento 2 for your eCommerce needs? This article explores the benefits of installing Magento 2 via Composer and the requirements to run your online store. Find the expertise you need with our step-by-step guide to install Magento using Composer. This hands-on approach ensures you're well-equipped for the installation process. Let’s get started!

Key Takeaways:

  • Discover the advantages of using Composer for installing Magento 2.
  • Learn about the hardware and software requirements for running a Magento store.
  • Understand the differences between Magento Open Source and Adobe Commerce.
  • Follow a step-by-step guide to install Magento 2 with Composer.
  • Get tips for troubleshooting common issues during installation.

Advantages of Magento 2 Installation via Composer

Magento 2 Installation using Composer comes with several benefits:

  1. Up-to-date versions: Composer ensures you always get the latest version of Magento 2, keeping your store current and secure.
  2. Efficient package management: Composer is the best Magento 2 installation method as it allows you to manage your packages efficiently, making it easier to maintain and update your store.
  3. Streamlined dependencies: Composer automatically handles dependency management, reducing the risk of conflicts and compatibility issues.

Why Use Composer to Install Magento 2?

Composer is a dependency management tool for PHP that allows you to manage your project's dependencies efficiently. Using composer create project repository can streamline your Magento 2 installation process, ensuring that you always get the latest version of Magento 2. There are several key advantages to Magento 2 installing via Composer, including robust dependency management and efficient package management.

1. Dependency Management

One of the primary reasons to use Composer for your Magento 2 installation is its dependency management capabilities. Magento 2 relies on various third-party libraries and packages, and managing these dependencies can be complex.

Composer simplifies this process by automatically handling the required dependencies for your Magento 2 project. By managing these dependencies, Composer ensures that your project runs smoothly, minimizing the risk of compatibility issues and errors.

2. Efficient Package Management

Composer also provides efficient package management. It means that Composer can easily handle updates and upgrades for your Magento 2 project.

When new versions of Magento 2 or its dependencies are released, Composer makes it easy to update your project to the latest versions, ensuring your store remains secure and up-to-date.

Magento Open Source vs. Adobe Commerce

Comparing Magento Open Source and Adobe Commerce for different business sizes and needs.

It's essential to understand the differences between Magento Open Source vs. Adobe Commerce when choosing the right Magento 2 edition for your project. Magento Open Source is a free, open-source platform for small to medium-sized businesses. It offers a wide range of features and extensive customization options, making it a powerful solution for ecommerce stores.

Adobe Commerce (formerly Magento Commerce) is a premium, enterprise-grade platform designed for larger businesses with more complex requirements. Adobe Commerce offers additional features and functionality unavailable in Magento Open Source, including advanced marketing tools, customer segmentation, and dedicated technical support.

Both Magento Open Source and Adobe Commerce can be installed using Composer, ensuring you can take advantage of Composer's solid dependency management and efficient package management capabilities, regardless of which edition you choose. Choose the right edition for your specific project needs and leverage the power of Composer to streamline your Magento installation process.

Requirements and Setup for Running a Magento 2 Store

Essential hardware and software requirements for running a Magento 2 store using Composer.

Before installing your Magento 2 store, it is essential to ensure that your hosting environment meets the requirements.

Hardware and Software Components Overview

  1. Web Server: Magento 2 is compatible with Apache or NGINX web servers. Both are widely used and provide excellent performance and support for running a Magento 2 store.

  2. PHP: Magento 2 requires PHP 7.4 or later, the scripting language used for server-side scripting and executing Magento code.

  3. MySQL: To store data, Magento 2 needs a MySQL database server, version 5.7 or 8.0.

  4. Elasticsearch: Magento 2 requires Elasticsearch 7.x for its powerful search capabilities and improved indexing performance.

Authentication Keys

Before installing, you must obtain Magento authentication keys from the Magento Marketplace. These keys are essential for accessing Magento's repository to download and install the required software packages.

To obtain the authentication keys, create an account on the Magento Marketplace. Navigate to the "Access Keys" section, and generate a pair of public and private keys.

File System Owner

Setting up the correct file system owner is crucial for the smooth operation of your Magento 2 store. The Magento file system owner manages all files and directories related to the installation.

It ensures the web server can access and modify the files when required. To set up the file system owner, follow these steps:

  1. Create a new user on your server, for example, magento.
  2. Add the new user to the web server group (www-data for Apache or nginx for NGINX).
  3. Change the ownership of the Magento 2 files and directories to the new user and web server's group.

Step-by-Step Guide to Install Magento 2 With Composer

Follow these six easy steps to install Magento 2 via Composer:

  1. Install Composer on your server.
  2. Create a Magento 2 project directory.
  3. Download Magento 2 using Composer.
  4. Configure the database.
  5. Run the Magento 2 installation script.
  6. Verify the installation.

How to Install Magento 2 via Composer

1. Prerequisites Check

Before you install Magento, ensure that your system meets the necessary hardware and software requirements. The prerequisites depend on the version you are installing. Check the prerequisites page required for your Magento version.

  • PHP 7.4 or later
  • MySQL 5.6 or later
  • Elasticsearch 7.x
  • Apache 2.4 or NGINX 1.x
  • Composer
  • Git (optional)

2. Obtain Magento 2 Source Code

Next, download the Magento 2 source code using Composer. Open a command line and run the following command:

composer create-project --repository-url= magento/project-community-edition YOUR_MAGENTO_FOLDER

Replace YOUR_MAGENTO_FOLDER with the desired Magento install directory.

3. Configure the Base URL

During the installation process, you'll need to set up the base URL for your Magento 2 store. This URL will be the primary address for your website. You can configure the base URL by running the following command:

bin/magento setup:config:set --base-url="http://YOUR_DOMAIN/"

Replace YOUR_DOMAIN with your domain name.

4. Set Up the Admin Address

To access the Magento 2 admin panel, you need to configure the admin address. Run the following command:

bin/magento setup:config:set --backend-frontname="YOUR_ADMIN_PATH"

Replace YOUR_ADMIN_PATH with a unique and secure path for your admin panel.

5. Configure the Database

Before running the installation command, you should configure the database for your Magento 2 store. Run the following command:

bin/magento setup:config:set --db-host="YOUR_DB_HOST" --db-name="YOUR_DB_NAME" --db-user="YOUR_DB_USER" --db-password="YOUR_DB_PASSWORD"

Replace the placeholders with your actual database information.

6. Run the Installation Command

Finally, to complete the Magento 2 installation process, run the installation command:

bin/magento setup:install --admin-firstname="YOUR_FIRST_NAME" --admin-lastname="YOUR_LAST_NAME" --admin-email="YOUR_EMAIL" --admin-user="YOUR_ADMIN_USERNAME" --admin-password="YOUR_ADMIN_PASSWORD" --language=en_US --currency=USD --timezone=America/New_York

Replace the placeholders with your personal information and preferred settings.

After the installation, you should be able to access your new Magento 2 store using the base URL and admin address you configured earlier.

Troubleshooting Common Issues during Magento Install

Encountering issues during your Magento install process with Composer? Here are some common problems and solutions:

  1. Composer memory limit: Increase your server's PHP memory limit to avoid errors during installation.
  2. Dependency conflicts: Ensure that all required PHP extensions are installed and enabled.
  3. File permission issues: Set the correct file permissions for your Magento 2 directories.

Other Solutions to Common Errors:

1. Permission Errors

One common issue during Magento 2 installation is permission errors. To resolve this, you should set the proper file and directory permissions. Typically, folders should have 755 permissions, while files should have 644 permissions.

Make sure the web server user owns the Magento files and directories. You can use chown and chmod commands to adjust the ownership and permissions accordingly.

2. Missing Dependencies

Another common issue during installation is missing dependencies. To resolve this, you can run composer install or composer update in your Magento 2 root directory. This command will install or update the required dependencies for your Magento 2 installation.

Installing Sample Data

To install sample data during Magento 2 installation, you can run the following command in your terminal:

php bin/magento sampledata:deploy

After running this command, you may need to clear the cache and recompile the code using these commands:

php bin/magento cache:clean
php bin/magento setup:di:compile

Managing Magento Components

To manage the Magento component based architecture, you can use the Magento Component Manager. It is accessible from the Magento 2 Admin Panel. It lets you install, update, and uninstall extensions and modules easily.

Ensuring a Secure Setup

To ensure a secure setup for your Magento 2 installation, follow these best practices:

  1. Use strong and unique passwords for your Magento admin address and database.
  2. Keep your Magento 2 installation up-to-date by regularly updating to the latest version.
  3. Use two-factor authentication (2FA) after you create the Magento admin account.
  4. Limit access to the Magento Admin Panel by configuring IP whitelisting.
  5. Use HTTPS to encrypt data transmitted between your agento server and clients.
  6. Regularly review and update your server and application security settings.

FAQs: How to Install Magento 2

1. How to Install Magento Software?

Installing Magento software requires meeting prerequisites like PHP 7.4 or later and a dedicated database system like MySQL. You can then obtain the Magento source code using Composer and follow through with the configuration steps.

2. How to Install Magento 2?

Installing Magento 2 is similar to the general software but with additional steps. You obtain the Magento 2 source code via composer, configure the base URL and the admin address, and connect to the database. Remember to run the installation command at the end to complete the process.

3. How to Manually Install Magento?

Manually installing Magento requires downloading the package from the Magento website and uploading it to your web server. You then configure your setup through the Magento Setup Wizard. Remember to meet all system requirements before you start.

4. How to Install Magento from the Command Line?

Installing Magento from the command line involves using the composer to download and manage your Magento source code. Once downloaded, you use the command line to set up and configure your Magento instance, including your database and primary URLs.

5. How to Install Magento on Windows?

Installing Magento in Windows requires a tool like WampServer or XAMPP to emulate a web server in your Windows environment. You then follow the normal installation steps of obtaining source code and configuring your setup.

6. How Do I Install Magento on My Local Web Server?

To install Magento locally, you must set up a local development environment using software like MAMP (for Mac) or WampServer (for Windows). You then download the Magento source code, run it locally, and configure it as required. A local setup is often used for testing and development purposes.

7. How to Set Up a Web Server for Magento?

Setting up a magento server involves installing software like Apache or Nginx. You then ensure PHP and MySQL are installed and enabled, followed by creating a new database for Magento. Adjust the PHP memory limit, and configure your server to meet Magento's requirements.


Eager to install Magento 2? Throughout this article, we've unveiled the benefits of using Composer and outlined the hardware and software requirements for your Magento 2 store. You've learned the difference between Magento Open Source and Adobe Commerce and mastered a detailed step-by-step guide to sail through the installation process. We covered how to tackle common issues that might crop up.

So why wait? Enhance your eCommerce journey to install Magento 2 using Composer! For more information, check out Magento tutorials.

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Nikita S.
Nikita S.
Lead Technical Writer

As a lead technical writer, Nikita S. is experienced in crafting well-researched articles that simplify complex information and promote technical communication. She has expertise in cloud computing and holds a specialization in SEO and digital marketing.

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