MySQL is an open-source relational database management system that stores and retrieves data. It was developed by a Swedish company called MySQL AB, founded in 1995.
MySQL is the world’s most popular open-source database because it is easy to use, reliable and scalable. We use it for small websites or big projects like Wikipedia, Magento, and Facebook.
Its features include SQL support for querying databases, data integrity, and row-level locking for improved concurrency. It supports various data types and has extremely rich SQL capabilities.
MySQL has emerged as a widely adopted database management system among some of the world's most successful organizations, such as Twitter, YouTube, and Google.
MySQL offers encryption by using the SSL protocol, data masking, authentication plugins, and other security layers to protect data integrity.
MySQL is scaled in many ways via replication, clustering, or sharding. It supports and processes very large databases and is useful if you have an eCommerce store to manage.
Configure the MySQL database server to achieve peak performance. If the website receives millions of hits daily, it benefits from MySQL technology.
The MySQL system has slave/master replication settings and unique cluster servers to ensure continuous uptime.
MySQL offers a variety of transactional database solutions available today. It has several features, such as consistent and automated transaction support.
Complete Workflow Control
Optimize cost efficiency and pay only for what is consumed. When demand drops, ElastiCache for Auto Scaling adjusts the clusters to avoid overspending.
MySQL reduces costs by being scalable and having a low ownership cost. It does not require expensive hardware to operate efficiently.
MySQL is an open-source software downloaded for free. It is available with a Web hosting account to store data on the server.
MySQL reduces the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of database software by
- Reduce database licensing costs by over 90%.
- Cut systems downtime by 60%.
- Lower hardware expenditure by 70%.
- Reduce administration, engineering, and support costs by up to 50%
MySQL runs on the following platforms
- Linux (RedHat, SUSE, Mandrake, Debian)
- Embedded Linux (MontaVista, LynuxWorks BlueCat)
- Unix (Solaris, HP-UX, AIX)
- BSD (Mac OS X, FreeBSD)
- Windows (Windows 2000, Windows NT)
- RTOS (QNX)
Optimize flat catalog for all Magento versions.
Flat catalogs help reduce database load. Flattening cuts down on DB queries as the system fetches the same amount of data with fewer calls.
The improvements from flat catalogs and flat product categories are especially noticeable for large-scale Magento stores.
From the Magento admin panel, go to Stores > Settings > Configuration > Catalog > Catalog. Expand the Storefront section, update the following values, and click Save Config:
- Update Use Flat Catalog Category to Yes.
- Update Use Flat Catalog Product to Yes.
Slow queries affect database performance and overall server performance. The slow query log records queries that take a long time to execute and provides information about the query’s execution time.
There are several reasons why MySQL may have a long query time.
Some of the most common causes are:
- A poorly written query, which may cause MySQL to use too much CPU or disk I/O power.
- A table with too many indexes leads to slower performance when using certain operations such as SELECT or JOIN.
- The server is running out of memory for caching results from the disk.
The MGT Developer Toolbar help improve Magento performance by identifying slow parts of the application.
The database section gives you an overview of the executed database queries. It displays the number of inserts, updates, reads, and transaction queries.
The Developer Toolbar is essential to know which database queries are slow to improve performance.
Use the MGT Cloud Log to check the MySQL log data in one central place. It helps to quickly search, filter, and analyze logs.
MySQL is a popular choice for Magento because it is open-source and has a large community of users.
In contrast, MariaDB has been designed as a drop-in replacement for MySQL with many of the same features.
MariaDB is difficult to set up because it does not have the same community as MySQL and can be more expensive than MySQL.
MySQL 8 is built on the latest version of the MySQL database platform. It offers the latest features and improvements, including speed optimization and scalability.
MySQL supports a wider range of data types than MariaDB. It has more complex structures like arrays and objects. MySQL 8 has better support for joins and referential integrity than MariaDB.
MySQL 8 is faster and more memory efficient than MariaDB. MySQL 8 supports batch processing, which makes it ideal for data analysis and automation tasks.